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This article covers Vigorous tick list penetration checking out that may have the same opinion for penetration testers and coverage professionals who need to protected their crew.

Vigorous Tick list” Known as as “AD” is a listing supplier that Microsoft complicated for the Area house home windows area crew. The usage of it you’ll to keep watch over area computer strategies and products and services and merchandise which can be working on each and every node of your area.

Vigorous Tick list Penetration Checking out

On this phase, we’ve got got some ranges, the principle stage is reconnaissance your crew. each and every explicit particular person can input a web page by means of having an account right through the area controller (DC).

All this data is solely accrued by means of the person that is an AD explicit particular person. Right through the username, there are two portions that first is the world determine and the second one phase is your username. like underneath :

Reconnaissance Instructions:

+             c: > web explicit particular person

Via working this command in CMD (Command Instructed) you’ll simply see native consumers to your PC.

+             c: >whoami

This command let you to look the existing explicit particular person related to Vigorous Tick list logged in.

+             c: >whoami /teams

This command signifies that you’ll display you the existing group of workers

+             c: > web explicit particular person area

This command presentations you all consumers from any group of workers right through the energetic tick list.
additionally, you’ll see each and every explicit particular person’s group of workers by means of working this command :

+             c: > web explicit particular person [username] area.

To have a greater glance, you’ll explicit particular person “AD Recon” script. AD Recon is a script written by means of “Sense of Coverage“.

It uses about 12 thousand traces of PowerShell script that provides you with a excellent glance to AD and all knowledge that you’re going to want it.

You’ll be able to obtain this script from GitHub: https://github.com/sense-of-security/ADRecon screenshots of the file of this app:

active directory penetration Testing
active directory penetration Testing
Picture2 – Checklist of AD Teams
active directory penetration Testing
Picture3 – Checklist of DNS Report Zones

Whilst you get all AD consumers, now you can have to take a look at the group coverage. The crowd coverage is a function of Microsoft Area house home windows NT circle of relatives of running methods that controls the running setting of explicit particular person accounts and laptop accounts. right through the group of workers coverage, you’ll see setting coverage similar to”Account Lockout Coverage“.

This can be a way that supplys you networks consumers to be protected from password-guessing assaults. Additionally, you’ll see “Password Coverage“. A password coverage is a algorithm designed to improve laptop coverage by means of encouraging consumers to make use of tough passwords and use them correctly.

Whilst you get all the information that you wish to have, now you’ll execute other assaults on consumers like :

Brute Power Vigorous Tick list

To brute energy assault on energetic tick list, you’ll use Metasploit Framework auxiliaries. You’ll be able to use underneath auxiliary:

msf > use auxiliary/scanner/smb/smb_login

The selections of this auxiliary you’ll set username file and password file. and set an IP that has SMB supplier open.

then you’ll run this auxiliary by means of coming into “run” command.

For many who happen to try false passwords greater than Account Lockout Coverage, you’ll see this message “Account Has Been Locked out“.

For many who happen to try it on all accounts, all consumers will be disabled and you’ll see dysfunction right through the crew. As you’ll see in Password Coverage, you’ll set your password tick list to brute-force.

All hashes are saved in a file named “NTDS.dit” on this location :

C:WindowsNTDS

You can extract hashes from this file by means of the use of mimikatz. mimikatz has a function which utilities the Tick list Replication Supplier (DRS) to retrieve the password hashes from NTDS.DIT file. you’ll run it as you’ll see underneath :
mimikatz # lsadump::dcsync /area:pentestlab.native /all /csv

Then you’ll see hashes and password (if the password can be found).

The energetic tick list incorporates numerous products and services and merchandise that run on Area house home windows servers, it incorporates explicit particular person teams, methods, printers, and different assets.

It is helping server directors to keep an eye on units attached with the crowd and it incorporates numerous products and services and merchandise similar to Area, Certificates Products and services and merchandise and products, Light-weight Tick list Products and services and merchandise and products, Tick list Federation and rights keep watch over.

Vigorous tick list penetration checking out is sought after for any group, nowaday APT teams actively occupied with Vigorous Directories the use of alternative ways.

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The Article Ready by means of Omid Shojaei .  All of the Content material subject material material of this Article Belongs to above Unique Creator. This article is just for tutorial functions.

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